WHAT IS GENERAL DENTISTRY?
General dentistry includes all dental treatments that deal with the treatment of tooth and root, i.e. endodontics, tooth restorations, fillings and plaque and tartar cleaning.
Contemporary dentistry is minimally invasive, which means that it is trying to preserve all the healthy structures and to repair or replace only the damaged tooth.
TARTAR AND PLAQUE REMOVAL AND TEETH POLISHING
Over time, plaque tends to build up on the teeth. Plaque are basically colourless deposits of bacteria that we remove by regular brushing of the teeth. Tartar or calculus consists of stubborn, hard layers of plaque that can only be removed by a dentist.
Tartar removal is a method of removing hard and soft deposits from the tooth surface (tartar, plaque, pigmentations) with the help of various instruments and tools. As a result, the patients gets shiny teeth.
Teeth polishing is the method of removing dental plaque and pigmentation from areas between the teeth that are difficult to reach. In this process, we use small granules of biocompatible material and water run at high pressure, after which the teeth regain their natural shine.
Under the term of restorative dentistry we comprise the treatments and reconstruction of hard tooth tissues. Restorative procedures are mainly used to reconstruct damages caused by cavities, traumatic injuries, tooth colour changes and other conditions.
The materials used are composite resins that truly imitate dental tissue with its colour and microstructure. Today, we aim at preserving the healthy dental tissue with the resin adhering to the tissues. With these procedures we bring back the function and aesthetics of the teeth, depending on the damage.
ENDODONTICS – ROOT CANAL TREATMENT
Endodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the treatment of dental pulp. Dental pulp is located in the root canal and includes the dental nerve, vessels and connective tissues, and the most common cause of dental pulp disease is caries or tooth decay. Depending on the depth of a caries or cavity, it can irritate the pulp that can get infected and become painful to the patient. Other causes can be deep fillings due to invasive and advanced tooth decay, opening of the dental pulp for prosthetic reasons, bruxism, or tooth grinding and jaw clenching, periodontal disease, trauma or irritation.
The main goal of dental treatment in the endodontic approach is the removal of dental pulp, cleaning and widening of the root canal and its hermetic filling.